• The beginnings and present of research on ancient American cultures in Slovakia and the activities of the Centre for Mesoamerican Studies at the Comenius University in Bratislava. (2022-12-31)
    Milan Kováč Universidad Comenius en Bratislava

    Slovakia is a country founded in 1993, but currently it is one of the main European research centers of Mesoamerican cultures, especially the Maya. At first glance, it seems as if the current explosion of research and scientific activities has no continuity, and furthermore, few people outside Slovakia understand it in all its complexity. The purpose of the article is to try for the first time to chronologically systematize the interest in Native American cultures in the territory of Slovakia from the 16th century until the present. To show the predecessors, but above all the very dynamic context of the 20th century, when all the prerequisites were prepared for what happened after 1989. Subsequently, the origin and academic establishment of Mesoamerican studies in the country are analyzed, finally leading to in an extensive archaeological investigation in Guatemala. In particular, the activities of the Center for Mesoamerican Studies are analyzed, which is currently the main institutional framework of the entire process, academic, congress, museum and educational activities, which constitute the basis of the unusual dynamics of research. The interdisciplinarity, the continuity of anthropological research, but especially the main achievements of archaeological research will bring the reader closer to the key facts of the history and present of this discipline in Slovakia.

  • Laser Aided Profiler (LAP) - new technology for the drawing ceramics. First impressions from LAP application in ceramic material from Uaxactun, Petén, Guatemala. (2022-12-31)
    Dora Maritza García Patzán Universidad Comenius en Bratislava Peter Demján Instituto de Arqueología de la Academia Checa de las Ciencias, Praga

    Archaeological drawing is very important for the record of artifacts that are recovered from excavations and research in any field. The methods and techniques are defined in each project seeking to respond to its objectives. Recently, thanks to the progress and development of new programs and technologies, we have new tools to register, obtain data and systematize an easier and more accurate task. This is how we present a new advance in the field of ceramic drawing, an idea that came from Slovakian researchers and is currently used in different parts of the world. The first portable equipment that arrived in the Mayan area was possible thanks to the Uaxactun Regional Archaeological Project. The experience with this new technology has undoubtedly been positive, since for the first time we have a database of more than 2000 ceramic fragments from the Preclassic period (700 BC-250 AD), which is a significant sample to continue with ceramic studies in the region.