La Nación mexicana en el siglo XIX (observaciones sobre el concepto de nación y sobre la fraseología nacional)
Łepkowski's article illustrates the change of language used to describe Mexican national identity. It all started in 1810 with the Mexican War of Independence, when the earliest forms of such expression were used for the first time. Mexican national identity was not developed at the time, so terms such as América Mexicana or Nación Americana were used. The people referred to themselves as Americanos. Only after Iturbide the name Mexican Empire was introduced because traditionally 'empires' are named after their capital cities. This led to abandonment of the "Americano" identit. Łepkowski also notes other transformations of what was considered key traits of Mexican national identity: religion, the form of government and finally the concept of nation.
English abstract/description written by Michał Gilewski
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